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Can China and the Philippines Balance Cooperation and Sovereignty?

Introduction The South China Sea (SCS) dispute has its roots in the 1940s. Imperial Japan’s military had used the islands during World War II and assured that no other country made a claim to the islands during their occupation. Nonetheless, by 1947 the Republic of China had started to make claims to the territory and had presented an eleven-dash line, that two years later was revised and reduced to the present nine-dash line. (Pan) In 1951, during the negotiations of the Treaty of San Francisco, the now People’s Republic of China (PRC) made several claims to the territory in dispute, and in 1958 the claims were reinstated based on the new nine-dash line, which in turn was now seen as a hist

© 2016 by Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies.

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